NUCLEI Class-12 pdf

Atoms and Nuclei-Nuclei
NUCLEI

UNIT – 8 ATOMS AND NUCLEI : CHAPTER – 13 NUCLEI CLASS-12 PDF . It consists of Handwritten notes which has detail explanation about the NCERT SYLLABUS . The information provided in this notes will definitely help student community . The Explanation provided in the pdf might look descriptive but I assure you this will definitely help you to understand the concepts clearly and easily.

NUCLEI Class-12 pdf consists of following topics:

Composition of Nucleus, Representation of an Element. Isotopes , Isobars, Isotones, Isomers. Size of Nucleus, Binding Energy. Expression of Binding Energy , Binding energy per nucleon. Binding Energy curve , Observation and Features of the curve, Significance of Binding energy curve, Conclusion of Binding Energy curve.

Nuclear forces, Properties of Nuclear forces. Radioactivity, Experiment for radioactivity or type of radiation, Law of Radioactive Disintegration. Derivation of Disintegration or Decay Equation. Half life period. Disintegration Constant. Units of Radioactivity ( Curie, Becquerel , Rutherford .

Nuclear Reactions: Nuclear Fission , Nuclear Fussion , Types of nuclear Fission( uncontrolled fission Reaction, Controlled Fission Reaction ). Nuclear Reactor ( working and construction).

FORMULAE USED IN NUCLEI :

The last section consists of all the formulae which are used in the entire chapter as a result solving numerical becomes easy.

PLEASE KINDLY NOTE:

  1. Your feedbacks are more valuable.
  2. If you like the content and information please do comment and share with your friends.
  3. Kindly suggest any improvements needed .
  4. Please go through my other articles too , I am sure you will definitely like it.
  5.  Subscribe to my website (learnatsuhasinishinde.com)
  6. Handwritten pdf notes for entire NCERT PHYSICS class-12 is provided on my website please do check out .

CHECK OUT MY OTHER HANDWRITTEN PDF TOO:

  1. ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE
  2. CURRENT ELECTRICITY
  3. ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS
  4. MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM
  5. MAGNETISM AND MATTE
  6. ALTERNATING CURRENTS
  7. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTIO
  8. RAY OPTICS
  9. WAVE OPTICS
  10. ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
  11. DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER
  12. ATOMS

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ATOMS Class-12 pdf

Atoms and nuclei-Atoms
ATOMS

UNIT – 8 ATOMS AND NUCLEI : CHAPTER – 11 ATOMS CLASS-12 PDF . It consists of Handwritten notes which has detail explanation about the NCERT SYLLABUS . The information provided in this notes will definitely help student community . The Explanation provided in the pdf might look descriptive but I assure you this will definitely help you to understand the concepts clearly and easily.

ATOMS Class-12 pdf consists of the following topics:

Rutherford’s Alpha particle scattering Experiments, Distance of closet approach, Rutherford model of Atom, merits and limitations of the model. Expression for total energy of an Atom.

Atomic spectrum, Bohr model of Hydrogen Atom ( first postulate , second postulate and third postulate ), Expression for radius of nth orbit of hydrogen atom. Expression for orbital velocity of electron in hydrogen atom, Expression for energy of the electrons in the nth orbit of hydrogen atom.

The line spectra of the hydrogen atom, Expression for the Rydberg’s constant, Spectral lines of hydrogen atom. Energy level diagram. De-Broglie Explanation of Bohr’s second postulate, merits and demerits of Bohr’s atom model.

FORMULAE USED IN ATOMS:

The last section consists of all the formulae which are used in the entire chapter as a result solving numerical becomes easy.

PLEASE KINDLY NOTE:

  1. Your feedbacks are more valuable.
  2. If you like the content and information please do comment and share with your friends.
  3. Kindly suggest any improvements needed .
  4. Please go through my other articles too , I am sure you will definitely like it.
  5.  Subscribe to my website (learnatsuhasinishinde.com)
  6. Handwritten pdf notes for entire NCERT PHYSICS class-12 is provided on my website please do check out .

CHECK OUT MY OTHER HANDWRITTEN PDF NOTES TOO:

  1. ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE
  2. CURRENT ELECTRICITY
  3. ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS
  4. MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM
  5. MAGNETISM AND MATTE
  6. ALTERNATING CURRENTS
  7. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTIO
  8. RAY OPTICS
  9. WAVE OPTICS
  10. ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
  11. DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER

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Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter pdf

wave nature and particle nature -Dual nature of Radiation and matter
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

UNIT – 7 DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER : CHAPTER – 11 DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER CLASS-12 PDF . It consists of Handwritten notes which has detail explanation about the NCERT SYLLABUS . The information provided in this notes will definitely help student community . The Explanation provided in the pdf might look descriptive but I assure you this will definitely help you to understand the concepts clearly and easily.

DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER Class-12 pdf consists of the following topics:

Definition of Electron Emission , Thermionic Emission, Photoelectric Emission , Field Emission, Secondary Emission. Photo Electric Effect, Hallwach’s observation on Photo electric Effect, Leonard’s observation on photoelectric effect.

Important definitions: Threshold wavelength , Threshold frequency, Stopping potential. Experiment study of photoelectric effect, Einstein photoelectric effect. Experiment of laws of photoelectric emission based on Einstein’s Explanation of photoelectric effect or Explanation of experimental results by using Einstein’s photoelectric equation.

Particle Nature of Light, Characteristics of photon, Wave nature of Matter . Expression for De-Borglie wavelength . Davission and Germer Experiment.

FORMULAE USED IN DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER:

The last section consists of all the formulae which are used in the entire chapter as a result solving numerical becomes easy.

PLEASE KINDLY NOTE:

  1. Your feedbacks are more valuable.
  2. If you like the content and information please do comment and share with your friends.
  3. Kindly suggest any improvements needed .
  4. Please go through my other articles too , I am sure you will definitely like it.
  5.  Subscribe to my website (learnatsuhasinishinde.com)
  6. Handwritten pdf notes for entire NCERT PHYSICS class-12 is provided on my website please do check out .

CHECKOUT MY OTHER HANDWRITTEN PDF NOTES TOO:

  1. ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE
  2. CURRENT ELECTRICITY
  3. ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS
  4. MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM
  5. MAGNETISM AND MATTE
  6. ALTERNATING CURRENTS
  7. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTIO
  8. RAY OPTICS
  9. WAVE OPTICS
  10. ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

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FA!L BIGGER ……….RAISE STRONGER !

FALL AND FALL ………..FINALLY RISE LIKE A PHONEIX ! (phoneix is a mythical bird which rises from its own ashes)

Did you ever fail in your life ? then my heartfelt congratulations to you , you are on the right track in your life . You know what does failure mean ? it means the FIRST ATTEMPT IN LEARNING (FAIL). The only people fail who try to learn, if you can understand and analyze it properly then ‘failure is the only opportunity to begin again more intelligently‘.

When people fail they loose themselves completely, failing is not end its part of success , you cannot win if you haven’t fail. When you are on a journey of success and doing something different then the usual things, you fail more often. You have to accept your failure and learn from it.

You know what ? Universe has its own way of teaching us the things , it will make us learn which we do not want to , it will make us love the things which we don’t love , it makes us do the things which we never wanted to do , unless we do not learn what we are supposed to ,it never leave us .  

If you want to achieve something good you start observing the things around you very keenly , you will observe all the things that happened around you is for reason to make you understand something very important which will help you in your journey.

We all human beings  like and love moving very comfortably and undisturbed in our lives , we have programmed our minds in such a way that we don’t want to take risks, we fear to think out of contexts , we do not want to do any unusual things in life and avoid taking risks. Why do we hold on ourselves in achieving something different ?  why we always want to move so comfortably in our life ? this is because we have programmed our mind in certain way and we want to execute the things in certain manner.

We are so afraid of thinking new , we all have sticked to certain pattern so called societal standards, we always try to fit in and  expect the things in similar fashion all the time. Moving soo comfortably in your life without discovering your potentials and without taking any risks makes you a weaker person, it does not make you an independent strong individual.

Now stop pitying yourself , get up, move out  , explore your inner potentials , make yourself strong and start taking calculated risks, program your mind to think differently and uniquely, every individual on this earth has the capability to do the things extra ordinarily , the only difference between a normal person  and successful man is the ability to choose , many choose to give up on their dreams only few work on it and succeed .

Did you notice that the people who have succeeded in their life has taken maximum risks, they had dealt with  many ups and downs and failed so many times in their life . successful people do have heartbreaks , they fail , they get disturbed , they broke , get frustrated , they cry, infact  I feel they deal with maximum negative emotions and failures compared to us , but what makes them stand different then us , IT IS WHAT THEY DO AFTER THAT !

YOU DON’T DROWN BY FALLING INTO THE WATER , YOU DROWN BY STAYING THERE”. Its nature’s law of feeling low and lost , sometimes we don’t understand why do we feel that , everything around us will be perfectly alright but still we feel we have lost , we feel devastated and feel very lonely and helpless, it happens with me manier times and very frequently.

I feel when this happens to us this is the best time to explore the depth of our emotions , we get to know our self more deeply and try to discover many things about our own-self which we would have not done otherwise . When you are happy and comfortable in your life , your mind does not allow you to think beyond that context , and you feel good about all the things that are happening around you.

But did you notice in the times of hurt, pain ,depressed or into any other negative emotion you rather love to spend time alone , you do not want to speak anyone and always prefer to be quiet and think over the things what went wrong . Now I think this is the time to discover your capabilities your potentials and this is the time when you start building the courage and strength to overcome your setbacks .

If you really want to understand the pattern of emotions in your life then Don’t you think this feeling of low and sad helping you to raise into an strong individual ? Becoming strong and successful doesn’t mean that you haven’t failed , it means you have a capability of raising up every time you have fallen.

Lets start looking everything that happens around us happens for a reason no matter how hard and painful it is , every single situation your going through in your life want you to learn and become a better version of yourself . The battle of becoming good and successful is not with others , you are your own competition ,you have to grow stronger then yesterday and be strongest tomorrow then today .

I believe very strongly and experienced myself, happy life teaches you nothing but a difficult life teaches you the real essence and taste of life . Now for example we all love visiting  waterfalls right , we like the nature we enjoy seeing how the water flows down and how it moves making pleasant sound, this  you can relate to the happy moments of your life , you always want to be like this  enjoying happily and you love to live all those moments and cherish for your lifetime .

But when the same water flows further and gets into the ocean it finds a different meaning for it , now it attains a huge dept , its so calm and quite and carries silence in it, now this can be related to the times you have failed the moments you have broke , hurt sad and frustrated now this teaches you that life cannot remain in the same phase at all, it has ups and downs u have the days were u feel happy and broken , its part of life and this is how it is designed , you cannot  question the nature’s law, you have to just accept and learn from your mistakes.

By knowing all the different phases of life It’s very clear that your growth lies in your own setbacks, that doesn’t mean you should stop embracing the happy moments , things happens to make you understand that failing is not the end it is knowing the another way that wont work , it says you this is an opportunity to begin more wisely, so whenever u fail next be happy and embrace it with the positive mindset and learn from it .

Its absolutely ok to feel anger , sad , low and depressed it doesn’t make u weak it only makes u human , but when you go through this kind of negative emotions do not stay long into it, try not to carry that low emotion in you for longer time , when you go through the failures next time ,cry out loud , take your frustration out , pour your heart out, then get up, wipe yourself,  dust yourself and start again, say to yourself “I FOUND A REASON OF STARTING THE THINGS DIFFERENTLY AND I WILL WORK ON IT”.

FAIL AND FAIL , FAIL BIG , RAISE BIG ! failure changes your method of working not your goal THOSE WHO DARE TO FAIL MISERABLY CAN ACHIEVE GREATLY , you don’t have to be good at your work all the time be consistent and you should always remember that you have to fight through some bad days to earn best days of your life , when you go through all this and succeed then you have tasted your success right ………because trust me when we  fail it  tastes like shitttt and it literally does’.

You feel I am explaining all this because I am successful !

No , I am not successful yet , but I am on the way to be successful soon , I could write out all this because I have myself experienced it with many many setback and failures , it took me sooo long to understand the pattern of emotions and life , but today I believe and understand very truly the things that have written here . trust me today I feel soo amazing of all that happened to me all the painful things has change me into a stronger person I m today , I am very grateful for everything and to everyone in my life ……….BELIVE IN THE POWER OF ALMIGHTY GOD AND HOPE IS THE ONLY WAY TO ACHIEVE SUCCESS’ .

Wonderful quotes on failures and success:

  1. The bigger the failure the greater the lessons .
  2. Failure is the lesson learned and success is a lesson applied
  3. Sometimes by loosing a battle you find a new way to win the war.
  4. Be strong because things will get better , it may be stormy now , but it never rains forever.
  5. Your success doesn’t taste good if you haven’t tasted failure.
  6. Every successful story has started with small consistent steps and ideas.
  7. What you do everyday matters then what you do every once in a while.

please go through my other article also: CHOOSE YOUR WORDS WISELY!

NOTE :

  1. PLEASE DO COMMENT AND SHARE IFYOU AGREE WITH THE THOUGHTS SHARED IN THE POST.
  2. I WOULD BE REALLY GREATFUL TO KNOW YOUR OPINIONS ABOUT MY ARTICLE.
  3. SHARE AND COMMENT WITHOUT FAIL IF YOU GENUINELY FELT THE CONTENT WAS GOOD , IF YOU HAVENT LIKED IT , THEN I PROMISE TO MAKE IT BETTER IN MY UPCOMING POSTS.
  4. DO SUSCRIBE MY WEBSITE https://learnatsuhasinishinde.com/

CHOOSE YOUR WORDS WISELY !

ONE WORD THAT WILL CHANGE YOUR LIFE

Choose your words wisely. Words are  the most important element of our life if we could understand and analyze it properly, if we couldn’t then its just mere group of letters. I believe the most powerful weapon that exists in this universe are the words spoken by people. Please choose your words wisely , it can change anything and everything around you. We should always be very careful with our words as we all know , once they are said they can be only forgiven not forgotten. Every word that we speak has the power to hurt or heal RAISE YOUR WORDS NOT YOUR VOICE , IT’S THE RAIN THAT GROW FLOWERS NOT THUNDER”.

Words can heal someone or hurt someone , it can construct or destroy someone , it can break you completely or it can make you love more.  But we fail to understand it and most of the times we damage our own serenity or completely destroy others without even noticing it .

When we speak we should always connect our words with good emotions and intensions, words with emotions in it never fail to understand , if you conversation is just to speak something without emotion into them, then it remain just group of words or information that you want to convey.

When you speak its not necessary that your words and lines are grammatically or verbally correct, it’s the intensions and emotions behind it should be right. I believe very strongly in my life and also understand the fact that, its absolutely true that when we speak someone we can change their thought process completely . words are the only thing we use to express our heart out and I am sure if they are used right then it is understood by anyone in this world. This is because the whole energy in the universe is created with positive thoughts and emotions.

If you really want to connect to the beautiful souls around you, then always add good emotions and intensions to your words , souls around us doesn’t understand the grammar but it does understand your emotions and positive energies so always do choose your words wisely . when I say wisely what does it actually mean ? it only means , analyzing the words you speak and also making good sensible decisions and judgments before its been spoken out.

Sometimes we fail to express ourself  because most of the times though our intensions and emotions are good but the choice of the words go wrong . it really doesn’t matter at all as long as it is connected with good energies . if you have spoke choosing wrong words but with good intensions , it will be sooner or later understood by the soul. Our soul has strong power of analyzing and identifying good and bad thoughts , positive and negative energies.

We always hear people saying that though we choose our words wisely, people accept it how they wanted us to hear , do not worry it is their choice , if they do not understand what u actually wanted to convey , it is them who has to be checked or corrected not you !

We should always keep our thought process clear , our thoughts build our own belief system and we act or react the way we think. We cannot act beyond our belief system so we have to make it strong and it is done with positive thoughts , thoughts are nothing but the group of words and information . words are the most powerful forces with all us human beings , we can use it constructively or destructively.

words are very powerful -choose your words wisely
IF YOU CANT BE KIND ………BE QUIET !

“ONE KIND WORD CAN CHANGE SOMEONE’S ENTIRE DAY, BUT ONE KIND WORD WITH RIGHT EMOTION AND INTENSION CAN CHANGE ENTIRE LIFE” do not always expect people to understand you, we have to do our job right. You have to understand their point of view first if you did, then they will definitely understand you as well. Did you notice that sometimes we feel so connected to some unknown person when we speak them  ,its because that person has created such an impact on your mind with his words, the words that he spoke you has very beautiful emotions and positive energy which made you feel good  about that person although you are meeting that person for the first time. Mainer times with some people whom we really do not connect at all though we spend lot of time with them, its because they do not carry any emotion or attachment towards us , they just use group of words to convey their information and also listen us to reply.

So don’t you think that we make our bonds , our relationships , our friendships or we choose our people to be connected with is only based on the words they speak ? because that is the first gesture or the action to know the person and we match with the people whose frequency matches with us no matter how much time we spent with them, now what do I mean matching the frequency ? it is nothing but matching out the thought process , emotions and belief system and how do we come to know about all these stuffs when there is exchange of words and ideas.

Do you agree that sometimes some words are so hurtful and so intense that cannot be forgotten for lifetime ? if words had no power in them then why do they hurt you so badly, then why it is painful to forget it, because sometimes words are spoken so intensively with so much of negative  and low emotions in it. If it was just mere group of words then it wouldn’t have bothered you, but it has emotions attached with it  so they definitely impact deep into your mind and heart.

I believe this world is full of mixed emotions , we have to deal with all kind of people , emotions , situations, sometimes good- bad , positive- negative , pleasing disturbing and so many more and we are not here to change others and it is very foolish to think that way , its very crazy to think that we can change the world out , you just change your thought process and your belief system , you just choose to be right and you be responsible for your own self. We cannot be responsible for others life , but If your words can make an positive impact then please try to speak for them.

Although We cannot reach out to all the people around us  to help them, but we should  try bringing positive change by spreading love and affection. When you speak to people make a good impact on their mindset , make them feel good about you and make them feel connected with your thoughts and emotions. You believe it or not your words will touch them so deeply and if it is filled with good intensions and emotions then they will remember you for rest of their life.

I believe in expressing my opinions only when I  genuinely feel it , I am writing this post midnight, and its  1:40am right now , I just thought of something suddenly and started writing this post . If I have just thought and haven’t expressed it right now then this post wouldn’t have been this intense , right the moment I feel every bit of word and I believe everything so strongly ,if this written later it would rather contain only group of words and information that I wanted to communicate.

To all my wonderful readers I truly understand that you are the people of wisdom, you are the one with positive mindset and beautiful emotions who believe in the things as of me ,so you have spent your precious time in reading out this content so patiently , thank you so much to all the beautiful souls out there who agreed and connected to this post .

I request you all to believe in the tremendous positive energy in the universe which flows and covers infinite distance and miles can change with your words so please do take care of it. If we truly believe the power of words then we bring wonderful physical changes in the universe .

I have written this post with the only intension of making you feel words can do anything and everything in this world so whenever you speak next CHOOSE YOUR WORDS WISELY!

Beautiful quotes on WORDS:

  1. “Remember your words can plant garden or burn whole forest down”.
  2. “ Its unbelievable how you can affect someone else so deeply and never know”.
  3. “Be sure to taste your words before you spit them out”.
  4. “Words matter and the right words matter most of all , in the end they are all that remain of us”.
  5. “When words are both true and kind they can change the world”.

Please also go through my other post : (FAIL BIGGER RAISE STRONGER! ) (WHY EDUCATING WOMEN IS IMPORTANT)

NOTE:

  1. PLEASE DO COMMENT AND SHARE IFYOU AGREE WITH THE THOUGHTS SHARED IN THE POST.
  2. I WOULD BE REALLY GREATFUL TO KNOW YOUR OPINIONS ABOUT MY ARTICLE.
  3. SHARE AND COMMENT WITHOUT FAIL IF YOU GENUINELY FELT THE CONTENT WAS GOOD , IF YOU HAVEN’T LIKED IT , THEN I PROMISE TO MAKE IT BETTER IN MY UPCOMING POSTS.
  4. DO SUSCRIBE MY WEBSITE https://learnatsuhasinishinde.com/

Wave Optics Class-12 pdf

Ray Optics and Optical Instruments- Wave Optics
WAVE OPTICS

UNIT – 6 RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS: CHAPTER – 10 WAVE OPTICS CLASS-12 PDF . It consists of Handwritten notes which has detail explanation about the NCERT SYLLABUS . The information provided in this notes will definitely help student community . The Explanation provided in the pdf might look descriptive but I assure you this will definitely help you to understand the concepts clearly and easily.

WAVE OPTICS Class-12 pdf consist of the following topics:

Definition of Wave front , Types of wave front (Spherical Wave front SWF, Plane Wave front PWF Cylindrical Wave front CWF) and Huygen’s principle and Limitations. reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts.

Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Coherent Sources of Light ,Interference of Light. Law of Conservation of Energy is valid in interference of light. Theory of Interference. Condition for Constructive Interference, Condition for Destructive Interference .

Young’s double slit experiment (YDSE). Expression for fringe width, Diffraction of light, diffraction due to single slit, Condition for Secondary maxima, Condition for Diffraction Minima, difference between Diffraction and Interference.

FORMULAE USED IN WAVE OPTICS :

The last section consists of all the formulae which are used in the entire chapter as a result solving numerical becomes easy.

PLEASE KINDLY NOTE:

  1. Your feedbacks are more valuable.
  2. If you like the content and information please do comment and share with your friends.
  3. Kindly suggest any improvements needed .
  4. Please go through my other articles too , I am sure you will definitely like it.
  5.  Subscribe to my website (learnatsuhasinishinde.com)
  6. Handwritten pdf notes for entire NCERT PHYSICS class-12 is provided on my website please do check out .

CHECK OUT MY OTHER HANDWRITTEN PDF TOO:

  1. ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE
  2. CURRENT ELECTRICITY
  3. ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS
  4. MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM
  5. MAGNETISM AND MATTE
  6. ALTERNATING CURRENTS
  7. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTIO
  8. RAY OPTICS
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Ray Optics Class-12 pdf

Optical instruments-Ray Optics
Ray Optics

UNIT – 6 RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS: CHAPTER – 9 RAY OPTICS CLASS-12 PDF . It consists of Handwritten notes which has detail explanation about the NCERT SYLLABUS . The information provided in this notes will definitely help student community . The Explanation provided in the pdf might look descriptive but I assure you this will definitely help you to understand the concepts clearly and easily.

RAY OPTICS Class-12 pdf consists of the following topics:

Definition of Reflection of light , Laws of Reflection, laws of Refraction . Snell’s law, Refractive index, Spherical mirrors, Concave mirror , Convex mirrors, Relation between focal length and radius of curvature of spherical mirror, Mirror equation of concave mirror, Lateral magnification, axial magnification, Aerial magnification. Refraction through glass slab.

Real and Apparent Depth, Total internal reflection, Critical angle , Relation between critical angle and Refractive index, Application of Total internal Reflection. Optical fibres, uses of Optical fibers. Spherical surface, Refraction at spherical surface, and its applications, optical fibres.

Lenses, Different types of Lens, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact. Refraction of light through a prism. Prism , Calculation of angle of Deviation, Angle of minimum deviation and Prism formula, Dispersion by a Prism.

Scattering of light, Rayleigh’s Law of Scattering, Optical instruments, Simple Microscope Compound Microscope. Magnifying power or Angular Magnification .Astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

FORMULAE USED IN RAY OPTICS :

The last section consists of all the formulae which are used in the entire chapter as a result solving numerical becomes easy.

PLEASE KINDLY NOTE:

  1. Your feedbacks are more valuable.
  2. If you like the content and information please do comment and share with your friends.
  3. Kindly suggest any improvements needed .
  4. Please go through my other articles too , I am sure you will definitely like it.
  5.  Subscribe to my website (learnatsuhasinishinde.com)
  6. Handwritten pdf notes for entire NCERT PHYSICS class-12 is provided on my website please do check out .

CHECK OUT MY OTHER HANDWRITTEN PDF TOO:

  1. ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE
  2. CURRENT ELECTRICITY
  3. ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS
  4. MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM
  5. MAGNETISM AND MATTE
  6. ALTERNATING CURRENTS
  7. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
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Electromagnetic waves Class-12 pdf

Electromagnetic Waves
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

UNIT – 5 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES: CHAPTER – 8 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES CLASS-12 PDF . It consists of Handwritten notes which has detail explanation about the NCERT SYLLABUS . The information provided in this notes will definitely help student community . The Explanation provided in the pdf might look descriptive but I assure you this will definitely help you to understand the concepts clearly and easily.

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES Class-12 pdf Consists of the following topics.

Definition of EM waves, Displacement current , Maxwell’s modification of Ampere’s law , Maxwell’s Equation , EM waves, Sources of EM waves , Characteristics, EM waves are Transverse in nature (qualitative ideas
only). Characteristics and properties of .

EM spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays,
gamma rays) properties and their uses. Intensity of EM waves.

FORMULAE USED IN ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

The last section consists of all the formulae which are used in the entire chapter as a result solving numerical becomes easy.

PLEASE KINDLY NOTE:

  1. Your feedbacks are more valuable.
  2. If you like the content and information please do comment and share with your friends.
  3. Kindly suggest any improvements needed .
  4. Please go through my other articles too , I am sure you will definitely like it.
  5.  Subscribe to my website (learnatsuhasinishinde.com)
  6. Handwritten pdf notes for entire NCERT PHYSICS class-12 is provided on my website please do check out .

CHECK OUT MY OTHER HANDWRITTEN PDF TOO:

  1. ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE
  2. CURRENT ELECTRICITY
  3. ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS
  4. MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM
  5. MAGNETISM AND MATTE
  6. ALTERNATING CURRENTS
  7. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
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Alternating currents Class-12 pdf

ALTERNATING CURRENTS
ALTERNATING CURRENTS

UNIT – 4 ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ALTERNATING CURRENT: CHAPTER – 7 ALTERNATING CURRENTS CLASS-12 PDF . It consists of Handwritten notes which has detail explanation about the NCERT SYLLABUS . The information provided in this notes will definitely help student community . The Explanation provided in the pdf might look descriptive but I assure you this will definitely help you to understand the concepts clearly and easily.

ALTERNATING CURRENT Class-12 pdf consists of the following topics .

Definition of (Alternating currents, Alternating voltage , Frequency, period ,phase, peak value , Mean or Average value and RMS value of alternating current/voltage, phasor, phasor diagram, instantaneous value ) .

Ac voltage applied to a resistor , Ac voltage applied to Inductor, Ac voltage applied to Capacitor . Inductance reactance , Capacitive reactance , Ac voltage applied to a series LCR circuit. Impedance of an Ac circuit, Impedance diagram, Electrical resonance in series LCR circuit.

Quality factor , Half power frequencies, Power in Ac circuits. Salient features of series LCR circuit at Resonance. LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit,
AC generator and transformer, Energy loss in a transformer(loss due to flux leakage , loss due to resistance of winding, loss due to eddy currents , loss due to magnetic hysteresis) ,

Efficiency of transformer , characteristics properties of a material suitable for making core of a transformer , uses of transformer, Advanatges of AC and Advantages of DC.

FORMULAE USED IN ALTERNATING CURRENTS .

The last section consists of all the formulae which are used in the entire chapter as a result solving numerical becomes easy.

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CHECK OUT MY OTHER HANDWRITTEN PDF NOTES TOO OTHER THEN ALTERNATING CURRENTS.

  1. ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE
  2. CURRENT ELECTRICITY
  3. ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS
  4. MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM
  5. MAGNETISM AND MATTE
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